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Causes Of Drug Addiction

Various factors lead to drug addiction in the life of individuals. Often it is difficult to pinpoint one thing as a general factor that leads to drug addiction because situations differ.

Also, since addicts tend to hide and remain in denial, it might be hard to determine the cause of their addiction.

Nevertheless, some factors are generally attributed to causing drug addiction in individuals most times.

These factors vary based on individual personality but apply in most instances. These factors are physical, psychological, and emotional.

These factors include;

  • A Drug Addict Parent

Having a parent who is a drug addict can cause a person to also become an addict. This is because such a person would be exposed to all kinds of drugs as the addict’s parents would carelessly leave them around the house. This can cause a person to try out drugs unsupervised.

So, growing up with someone who is an addict increases the possibility of that person becoming an addict.

  • Peer Pressure

A person can also be drawn to drug addiction due to peer pressure. This is true for youth adults who have friends who take drugs. In order not to feel left out and due to constant encouragement, a person can begin taking drugs which could lead to addiction.

This is especially true for teenagers who are still developing self-control brain cells and are prone to risk-taking.

  • Emotional Trauma or Stress

Drug addiction occurs due to emotional trauma or stress. Some people are drawn to drugs as a means to manage excess stress. While others end up with drugs as a means of escaping the emotional trauma which they have experienced.

  • Early Exposure to Drugs

The earlier a person is exposed to drugs like cocaine, the more likely he or she would get addicted to it. This is because young people are prone to risk-taking and their brain cells for self-control are still developing.

So, people who are exposed to drugs early in their life are more prone to drug addiction.

In summary, these are not the only causes of drug addiction. There are still other factors responsible for drug addiction. But these are likely significant in the occurrence of drug addiction.

 

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Effects of Drug Addiction 

Drug addiction is the constant dependence on a particular drug in a way that is harmful to a person.

That without consuming such a drug, such a person is restless, uncomfortable, and cannot function well. This constant and continuous consumption of the drug affects individuals in many ways. 

First, the chemical substances alter the function of the person’s brain. This is apart from the physical, mental, emotional, and physiological effect it has on an individual.

Knowing the effects of drug addiction is vital in deterring people from addiction.

Therefore, this article will highlight the various effects of drug addiction. These effects include;

  • Cardiovascular Issue

Drug addiction can lead to various heart problems for an individual. The chemical substances cause harm and affect the cardiovascular organs of a person. So, a drug addict could experience heart attacks and collapsed veins.

  • Brain Damage 

The drugs affect the brain cells of an addict, such that it affects some of their basic functions. This can affect the memory of a person leading to memory loss. It could also lead to loss of attention or permanent brain damage for a drug addict.

  • Weakened Immune System 

The constant consumption of chemical substances affects the immune system of an addict. A drug addict’s immune system is extremely weakened, making them susceptible to infections and illnesses. So, one effect of drug addiction is that it weakens the immune system. 

  • Reduced Performance 

Beyond the effects on the body organs, drug addiction also affects the social behavior of a person. It could lead to poor performance at school or work due to loss of memory and attention, and inability to concentrate. This can lead to a loss of job for a drug addict. 

  • Social Withdrawal 

Drug addicts tend to avoid social judgment. They do not want to be judged by friends or family. So, they end up withdrawing from those close to them and instead enter a world of depression and anxiety. 

These are some effects of drug addiction. Drug addiction causes every aspect of a person’s life, it can even spread to those around them. Therefore, it is vital to address drug addiction as soon as you notice, with professional treatment. 

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What is Drug Addiction

Drug addiction is a common type of addiction found among people. It is a chronic illness that affects the brain functions of a person. Individuals can get addicted to legal or illegal drugs due to constant use.

Drug addiction arises from continuous use by a person till it gets to a point where he/she can no longer stop their consumption of that substances.

Some drugs people get addicted to are cocaine, heroin, alcohol, marijuana, etc. Some people also get addicted to prescribed drugs, which arises due to constant use and overdose of the prescribed medication.

There are several reasons why people get addicted to drugs. It often begins as a bad habit that escalates into addiction and uncontrollable use of the drug.

This could be due to peer pressure, friends who encourage them to use drugs and continue using such drugs.

These drugs affect the mental and physical state of a person. So, once a person tries out a drug there is that urge to continue using it to get that feeling. This leaves numerous negative effects in the life of a drug addict.

Drug addiction can also occur due to excess stress and inability to handle stress. This happens with working-class people, who have demanding jobs and then rely on drugs to relieve stress. They enjoy the relieve gotten from these drugs so they continue using them which leads to addiction.

There are several signs which show that a person is addicted. These signs include;

  • A drug addict leaves a constant urge to consume the drug even at odd times like early morning, at work, or late at night.
  • A drug addict is constantly spending money to purchase these drugs, even when it is not convenient. They can borrow or steal to buy drugs, and this can lead to financial crisis.
  • A drug addict may feel the urge to change friends to people who also use these drugs. This is because it would provide a constant supply of drugs.

Drug addiction comes with a lot of mental and emotion damage for a person. If a time comes when they want to stop due to its negative effects, they cannot stop which leaves them in a horrible state. But drug addiction isn’t the end of a person, with proper professional help they can recover.

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The Difference Between Substance and Behavioral Addiction

Anything that becomes an obligation rather than voluntary is considered an addiction. Therefore, we have behavioral addiction which is somewhat different from drug addiction. Behavioral addiction is seen as a habit that becomes an obligation.

Some who voluntarily gambled or watch television before, but now feels a constant uncontrollable urge to do those things is considered an addiction.

So, addiction goes beyond the consumption of a particular substance or alcohol. Dependence on the internet, gambling or television can be classified as addiction.

Behavioral addiction as similarities with substance addiction in that the person feels mandated to go that thing or consume that drug.

It is also similar in that the person cannot control his/her use of that drug or activity. But there are differences between substance addiction and behavioral addiction.

Although both types of addiction involve constant reliance on the activity or drug and the domination of their life by these activities. Some differences include;

  • Use of Substances

While substance addiction involves the physical consumption of drugs or alcohol, there is no such consumption in behavioral addiction. You do not drink or intake anything in behavioral addiction, but activities are involved.

  • Easy Access

Unlike substance addiction where the person still needs to buy drugs or alcohol, behavioral addiction is easily more accessible. You have easy access to television; you also have easy access to the internet. So, it is easily to get addicted in behavioral addiction than in substance addiction.

  • Treatment Program

Although there are similarities in the treatment programs of both addictions, there are slight differences.

Since the behavioral addiction relates more to behavior than physical consumption. The treatment relates more to mental, emotional, and behavioral evaluation.

In summary, addictions are similar because they are even an individual overly dependent, emotional and socially damaged.

But still various types of addictions have slight differences as explained here. Especially when it relates to treatment programs, they are tailored towards individual types of addiction.